Climate Change Initiative (CCI) is a joint ESA and EU initiative. The CCI aims to exploit the historical archives of ESA and Third Party Mission satellites to address the requirements for a set of long term and consistent Essential Climate Variables (ECV). The variables were defined by the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) to support the work of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
There are 44 ECVs plus soil moisture recognised as an emerging ECV. Sea Level being one of the 8 variables of the oceanic surface, is one of the 10 selected for the first round of ESA projects. Sea level is a very sensitive index of climate change and variability.
Modification of the land hydrological cycle as a result of climate variability and direct human-induced forcing leads to increased or decreased runoff, and ultimately to sea-level change. As a result, local and regional climate changes may affect sea level globally. While tide gauge sea-level data constitute one of the few long historical ocean climate time series, to monitor global sea level change and to put regionally observed changes into the global context, ocean surface topography measurements by satellite altimeters are essential. Jointly with the tide gauge network, continued operation of high-precision satellite altimetry and sun-synchronous altimeter measurements (ERS, Topex, Jason series, EnviSat…) complete the sea-level network. Together they represent an integrated strategy for monitoring of sea-level variability and change globally and on regional scale.
The project team is composed of 13 European partners from the Earth Observations community (CLS, GFZ, IsardSAT, DTU, LEGOS, FCUP, NOC, PML, TUD and CGI) and partners from the Climate modelling community (LEGOS, UoH, ECMWF, NERSC and CLS), all which hold internationally acknowledged expertise in their respective fields. The consortium is under the scientific leadership of Anny Cazenave (LEGOS) and is led by CLS. Jérôme Benveniste (ESA) launched and monitors this initiative
- Geophysical Validation
- Algorithm Development
- Ocean and Coast